Among the three most common types of equalizers we use when working our beats we have the so-called “Graphic Equalizers”. They are like a Swiss army knife and as such we must learn to use them correctly.
The trick to start with those who will be our best friends during production is to understand their main key parameters:
- Q (Bandwidth):
The bandwidth (BW) determines the amount of adjacent frequencies to either side with respect to the center frequency of the filter. It is usually expressed in octave values, corresponding to a large bandwidth value, very smooth slopes in the band pass filter.
This is the anchor point that we are choosing to affect a frequency package. There are many “Magic Tables” that serve as a reference to work some instruments / voices and thus achieve a particular color. But nothing will beat your ear!
This is a value usually mishandled by those who do not know the power of subtlety. It is the amount of energy to add (or subtract) over a given frequency package. As advice it is always better not to abuse these values and use subtle values such as +/- 3db.